This course develops technical skills required for effective leadership in a variety of warm weather outdoor activities. Concepts and skills are introduced through presentations, demonstrations, readings and discussion and developed and reinforced through experiential learning in class time and on a backpacking expedition. Students develop skills in several activities including: hiking, expedition planning, back country travel and navigation, outdoor cooking and shelter building. The course emphasizes personal and group safety practices and the development of environmental ethics and "no trace" wilderness camping practices. Students have opportunities to develop and demonstrate a variety of outdoor leadership skills. PREREQ: Outdoor Schools I, II & III. (exp 3) cr 1.5. Student cannot retain credit for both PHED 2109 and PHED 4109.